Kidney Stone & its Treatments
A kidney stone is very common among populations. There are many reasons why people develop stones in their kidney among which the most common one is diet and medications. Those who have kidney store know how extremely it is painful when it starts to pass out of urinary track.
Symptoms of Kidney Stone
It is necessary to know that either one has stones in their kidney or not, and if they do have stones, then the size also matters. Because size decides the treatment to be followed to remove them from the body. When the kidney stone start to pass out, it causes extreme pain and may cause ulcers in the ureter and leads to bleeding and pus. There is no warning when the stones start to pass out.
There is no exact average time to pass a kidney stone, but it moves within 24 plus hours.
The pain began at the back and radiated to the front, stinging pain at lower ribs. The person suffering can’t stand up of lay down out of pain. Instead, it only bends and hurts. The pain may also travel down to genitals which may increase the urge to urine, but if the persons start to urine, he undergoes pain and bleeding.
Episodes of Pain
The pain occurs mostly at night and then it stops for few hours before the beginning of a new stage.
The patient may suffer from severe nausea and vomiting which is the prime reason for admission to hospital. As mentioned earlier blood can be seen in urine, it is no doubt disturbing but not life threatening.
Fever Along with Kidney Stone is Life-Threatening
The most prominent symptoms are fever which indicates that patient is suffering from infection along with kidney stone. These symptoms need extra attention and care.
Required Time for Passing The Kidney Stone
Before knowing about the time required to pass the stone, a physician should be aware the diameter of kidney stones it begins from crystal size to large pebbles, which if not treated may burst the kidney.
There are two approaches to get rid of kidney stones:
- Pass them naturally.
- Surgically remove them from the body.
Passing of The Stone Naturally
It requires effort to remove a kidney stone, and it is time-consuming swell. The patient may ask this question frequently that How do I pass kidney stone quickly so the answer to their question is that they have to take plenty of fluid which helps dissolve stones into smaller particles, which may not cause any pain or ulcers when stones leave the urinary tract.
There are many factors that on which removal of kidney stone depends:
- The most vital reason is a size or diameter of the stone.
The smaller the size of the stone the more easily it is to remove them. The passing of stone is not painful, but pain starts when it blocks the urinary tract.
Range of Stone Diameter
- 4mm or less.
- 4mm to 6mm.
- More than 6mm.
It is not painful to remove 4mm stone neither it is painful.
4mm to 6mm
These sizes are comparatively difficult to remove.
More Than 6mm
It is very painful and hard to pass this size; you have to take lots of fluids and can wait for 6 to 7 weeks which is no difficult or painful.
Removal of kidney stone not larger than 9mm.
What to Expect After Passing a Kidney Stone?
If the patient still suffers from fever and pain after passing the stone, I indicate that patient is having an infection in his body which should be treated by using antibiotics, etc.
How Long Can a Kidney Stone Stay in The Bladder?
The kidney stones can stay for entire life in one’s body or cannot even stay for a day. It depends on following two factors:
- The size of the stone.
- Other factors.
Size of The Stone
There are many ranges of size of the stone, but if any size starts moving, then it may cause pain. Bigger stones larger than 9mm when moves cause pain and fever.
Stones don’t last after it reaches a certain size.
- Various kind of food.
When someone keeps themselves hydrated their stones never show any problem, but once anyone suffers from dehydration then the stones may start moving cause friction and cause aim, they become harder.
Various Kind of Food
Taking lots of tomatoes may cause accumulation of oxalic acid which may lead to the development of the stones.Broccoli and other green vegetables may also cause the larger size of stones.
Residual Pain After Kidney Stone
After passing kidney stone patient probably will not suffer from any pain unless he has any infection etc.
How to Treat Kidney Stone
The stone pass usually within 48hrs.
It can be treated with medicine, surgery or changing the diet, etc.:
Changing the Diet
- By managing the diet one can reduce the incidence of kidney stone development, can also remove it from the body.
- The patient is recommended to take lots of fluid to prevent the development of stone and also dissolve the existing one.
- Those who have a high consumption of vegetables may also develop stones rapidly.
- By increasing the exercise kidney stone can be treated, and it may move the stone of the kidney.
Treatment by Medicine and Surgery
Surgery is done to remove kidney stone i.e. lithotripsy. Kidney stone measurement is done and then it is decided either surgery should be done or not.
- Pain Control
- Calcium Channel Blocker
How to Prevent Kidney Stone
It can be prevented by several ways:
- Either by high intake of water or more fluids.
- Either by treating it with medication.
- Lithotripsy or any other surgery.
Diseases that Cause Kidney Stone
Following are the conditions that cause stones:
The increased amount of uric acid in urine may lead to the formation of kidney stone. Those who already suffer from gout should have a regular checkup of kidney stones as well.
It is an inherited condition that may cause kidney stones. High calcium in the kidney may cause increased chances of stones in the kidney, so the suitable patient should be very careful. The food rich in calcium should be avoided.
It is a renal tubular acidosis and may lead to severe kidney disorder.
HTN and diabetes can result in kidney stones.
They may also develop kidney stones.
High levels oxalates inside the urine may cause stones. Diet may increase the levels of oxalates.
The kidney stone may cause various health problems, so it needs high medical attention. Medicine and surgical treatment are necessary.