A question that comes to the mind of almost every married woman that can you have a period and still be pregnant? This is not your fault that you worry about such things because it is the people around you who build this problem in you by sharing their personal experiences like throughout her pregnancy she had periods. The question is still uncertain that can you become pregnant and still have your periods?
Is it True That You Can Have Your Periods and Be Pregnant?
It is a lie that you can have your periods while you are pregnant. It can be something else but not the periods. The science says that when a woman is pregnant, the body starts producing a gonadotropic hormone which is responsible for the cessation of periods. While, this is not wrong that some woman experience bleeding during their bleeding, but technically it’s not periods it is called as breakthrough bleeding. This bleeding is associated with vaginal discharge only which people misunderstand for periods.
The Menstrual Cycle
This is a truth that one will only have periods when she is not pregnant. During the menstrual cycle, the wall of the endometria is loaded with blood thus waiting for the egg to get fertilized. If the woman does not conceive the blood layer surrounding the endometria is shed off resulting in the discharge of blood, and the result will be periods and no pregnancy.
When a woman is pregnant the body starts producing a gonadotropic hormone which is responsible for the cessation of periods.
Menstrual Problem During Pregnancy
The researchers are still trying to figure out the reason behind bleeding during pregnancy. The exact cause is unidentifiable, but there are proposed reasons which shall be discussed in the subsection.
What Can Cause Bleeding?
Well, now it is sure that this is not the periods that you experience during your pregnancy. The bleeding can be due to multiple reasons like:
Bleeding Due to Implantation
Sometimes you experience a mild bleeding, but this is due to the implantation. During the implantation bleeding, you will witness the same symptoms that you use to get during the regular heavy periods. These symptoms can be cramps, nausea or blotting. Implantation bleeding should not be taken as a mistake for the periods because this only happens when the ovum gets fused with the cell lining.
Imbalance in Hormonal
Heavy and light bleeding entirely depends on the hormones that control the menstrual cycle. During the early pregnancy, the hormones change according to the current condition of the body. This imbalance in hormones can lead to bleeding during the first trimester. This is not the period but is called as pregnancy bleeding.
Contraceptives & Pregnancy
Well, many women happen to get pregnant while they are taking contraceptives and cause of this they experience irregular bleeding.
Some Other Causes
During the pregnancy, the body forms small clogs at the edge of the placenta. Usually, this happens on its own, and the issue is solved with time. These little clogs may be responsible for the period like bleeding, but in reality, there is nothing to worry about because you can get periods when you are pregnant.
Residual bleeding happens when the placenta is not firmly attached to the wall. So with time the hormones cast off the other parts and result into bleeding. This also happens during the first trimester.
If during pregnancy you have intercourse then you are likely to be getting the cervix bleeding. This occurs due to the sensitivity of the cervix. If this is the problem, then you should avoid any further intercourse.
Bleeding is an Indication of What Situations
You should not take the bleeding during pregnancy lightly. It can be an indication of the following conditions:
Almost 20 to 30 percent of pregnant women are likely to get pregnancy bleeding during the first three months. However, this bleeding can also be an indication of the miscarriage. If it is the miscarriage, then you will also suffer from the following symptoms
- Intense cramps
- Tissue discharge
- Heavy bleeding
Miscarriages can have many remains, but some of the prominent ones include: the pregnancy is not healthy, and the fetus is not developing as it should, or it can be due to any injury or accident. Miscarriages are sad, but it does not mean one cannot become a mother in the future. Despite the miscarriages, the mother remains healthy and can conceive anytime.
Ectopic pregnancy refers to a situation in which a mother has conceived, but the fetus has fertilized to some other location than the uterus. The fetus can migrate to fallopian tubules due to an injury or infection. Ectopic pregnancy is not a common phenomenon, and only 1 out of 100 cases are reported for ectopic pregnancy.
This also happens with women who have undergone pelvic surgery. The symptoms of the ectopic pregnancy are similar to the miscarriages:
- Intense cramps
- Diminished levels of gonadotropic hormone
- Severe radiating pain in stomach
So ectopic pregnancy can also be a reason for the bleeding during the pregnancy.
Gestational trophoblastic disease refers to a condition in which a mole or a cyst can develop in your womb rather than an embryo. Well the molar pregnancy has the following features like:
- High levels of gonadotropic hormone
- Heavy bleeding
- The heartbeat of the fetus cannot be heard
- Cyst appears in the uterus
- Pain in uterus
A molar pregnancy can also lead to bleeding during the pregnancy and is also taken as a mistake in the place of periods.
Well, now it is quite clear that one cannot get periods while she is pregnant. There can be many other underlying causes which we have already discussed above. So whenever you experience any of these conditions only rush to the doctor and get them identified or diagnosed. These problems do not decrease your chances of becoming a mother, nor they halt the pregnancy, but they should be rectified as soon as they are diagnosed and identified.